Let’s understand the best ways to manage sprint backlogs by having a brief glimpse of their very purpose.
The sprint backlog is composed of why, what, and how.
According to the definition in the Scrum Guide, the sprint backlog is a scrum artefact containing the sprint goal (why), the set of product backlog items selected for the sprint (what), and an actionable plan for delivering the increment (how).
The sprint backlog is a real-time picture of development work. It is planned by and for developers to accomplish the sprint goals. Moreover, the sprint backlog is updated as and when needed throughout the sprint.
The sprint backlog intends to make sure that the scrum sprint works efficiently, which otherwise would be difficult. In addition, it helps the scrum team keep track of tasks required to be done, map the sprint progress, and gauge the caseload for upcoming sprints.
The purpose of creating the sprint goal is to focus and encourage the scrum team to work together by keeping the sprint goal in mind. Furthermore, there’s this thing called burndown chart; a visual control used to facilitate the scrum team to check if they are on-track/off-track towards delivering the scrum goal. The sprint burndown chart represents the cumulative remaining workload that trends to reflect the workload completion status.
Check out this example to better understand the importance of sprint backlogs for the sprint burndown chart –
The below graph shows the sprint workday on the X-axis and the remaining workload on the Y-axis. The scrum team will mark and estimate the details of activities at the beginning of the sprint.
All the listed activities are needed to be completed. The uncompleted activities are cumulative workloads that should be updated to the team daily according to the progress. When cumulative workload is reduced to 0, the sprint will be made.
– Sprint Duration: 5 days
– Sprint Backlog: 4 tasks
– Sprint Velocity: 40 available hours